FAQFAQ   SearchSearch   MemberlistMemberlist   UsergroupsUsergroups   ProfileProfile   Log in to check your private messagesLog in to check your private messages 
Celtic Artefact Discoveries & Theories

Post new topic   Reply to topic    Fortean Times Message Board Forum Index -> Earth Mysteries - historical and classical cases
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
Psycho Punk
Joined: 19 Aug 2003
Total posts: 21446
Location: Dublin
Gender: Male
PostPosted: 15-10-2011 18:19    Post subject: Celtic Artefact Discoveries & Theories Reply with quote


Early Celtic 'Stonehenge' Discovered in Germany's Black Forest

General plan of the early Celtic burial mound with sky constellations. (Credit: Image courtesy of Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum)

ScienceDaily (Oct. 11, 2011) — A huge early Celtic calendar construction has been discovered in the royal tomb of Magdalenenberg, nearby Villingen-Schwenningen in Germany's Black Forest. This discovery was made by researchers at the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum at Mainz in Germany when they evaluated old excavation plans. The order of the burials around the central royal tomb fits exactly with the sky constellations of the Northern hemisphere.

Whereas Stonehenge was oriented towards the sun, the more than 100 meter width burial mound of Magdalenenberg was focused towards the moon. The builders positioned long rows of wooden posts in the burial mound to be able to focus on the Lunar Standstills. These Lunar Standstills happen every 18,6 year and were the 'corner stones' of the Celtic calendar.

The position of the burials at Magdeleneberg represents a constellation pattern which can be seen between Midwinter and Midsummer. With the help of special computer programs, Dr. Allard Mees, researcher at the Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum, could reconstruct the position of the sky constellations in the early Celtic period and following from that those which were visible at Midsummer. This archaeo-astronomic research resulted in a date of Midsummer 618 BC, which makes it the earliest and most complete example of a Celtic calendar focused on the moon.

Julius Caesar reported in his war commentaries about the moon based calendar of the Celtic culture. Following his conquest of Gaul and the destruction of the Gallic culture, these types of calendar were completely forgotten in Europe. With the Romans, a sun based calendar was adopted throughout Europe. The full dimensions of the lost Celtic calendar system have now come to light again in the monumental burial mound of Magdalenenberg.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, via AlphaGalileo.

Edit to amend title.
Back to top
View user's profile 
Psycho Punk
Joined: 19 Aug 2003
Total posts: 21446
Location: Dublin
Gender: Male
PostPosted: 21-03-2012 23:53    Post subject: Reply with quote

Another German discovery, this time with beer. Sausage as well no doubt. Ling though? Celtic chavs?

Beer and Bling in Iron Age Europe

Collaborating with the State Monuments Office in Tübingen, Germany, UW-Milwaukee Professor Bettina Arnold has excavated Iron-Age burial mounds in an area of southwest Germany where pre-Roman Celtic people lived. (Credit: Image courtesy of University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)

ScienceDaily (Mar. 19, 2012) — If you wanted to get ahead in Iron-Age Central Europe you would use a strategy that still works today -- dress to impress and throw parties with free alcohol.

Pre-Roman Celtic people practiced what archaeologist Bettina Arnold calls "competitive feasting," in which people vying for social and political status tried to outdo one another through power partying.

Artifacts recovered from two 2,600-year-old Celtic burial mounds in southwest Germany, including items for personal adornment and vessels for alcohol, offer a glimpse of how these people lived in a time before written records were kept.

That was the aim of the more than 10-year research project, says Arnold, anthropology professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and co-director of a field excavation at the Heuneburg hillfort in German state of Baden-Wurttemberg. The work was partially funded by the National Geographic Society and Arnold collaborated with the State Monuments Office in Tübingen, Germany.

In fact, based on the drinking vessels found in graves near the hillfort settlement and other imported objects, archaeologists have concluded the central European Celts were trading with people from around the Mediterranean.

Braü or mead?

"Beer was the barbarian's beverage, while wine was more for the elite, especially if you lived near a trade route," says Kevin Cullen, an archaeology project associate at Discovery World in Milwaukee and a former graduate student of Arnold's.

Since grapes had not yet been introduced to central Europe, imported grape wine would indicated the most social status. The Celts also made their own honey-based wine, or mead, flavored with herbs and flowers, that would have been more expensive than beer, but less so than grape wine.

They also made a wheat or barley ale without hops that could be mixed with mead or consumed on its own, but that had to be consumed very soon after being made. "Keltenbräu," is an example of such an ale. It would have been a dark, roasted ale with a smoky flavor.

To the upper-class, the quantity of alcohol consumed was as important as the quality. Arnold excavated at least one fully intact cauldron used for serving alcoholic beverages in one of the graves at Heuneburg. But it's hard to top the recovery of nine drinking horns -- including one that held 10 pints -- at a single chieftain's grave in nearby Hochdorf in the 1970s.

Dapper dudes and biker chicks

In addition to their fondness for alcohol, Celtic populations from this period were said by the Greeks and Romans to favor flashy ornament and brightly striped and checked fabrics, says Arnold. The claim has always been difficult to confirm, however, since cloth and leather are perishable.

The Heuneburg mounds yielded evidence of both, even though no bones remain due to acidic soil. But the team of archaeologists were able to reconstruct elements of dress and ornamentation using new technology.

Rather than attempt to excavate fragile metal remains, such as hairpins, jewelry, weapons and clothing fasteners, Arnold and her colleagues encased blocks of earth containing the objects in plaster, then put the sealed bundles through a computerized tomography, or CT, scanner.

"We found fabulous leather belts in some of the high-status women's graves, with thousands of tiny bronze staples attached to the leather that would have taken hours to make," she says. "I call them the Iron-Age Harley-Davidson biker chicks." Images show such fine detail, the archaeologists theorize that some of the items were not just for fashion.

"You could tell whether someone was male, female, a child, married, occupied a certain role in society and much more from what they were wearing."

The pins that secured a veil to a woman's head, for example, also appear to symbolize marital status and perhaps motherhood. Other adornment was gender-specific -- bracelets worn on the left arm were found in men's graves, but bracelets worn on both arms and neck rings were found only in graves of women.

Surprisingly, it was the metal implements in close contact with linen and wool textiles in the graves that provided a chance for their preservation. Bits of fabric clinging to metal allowed the archaeologists to use microscopic inspection to recreate the colors and patterns used.

"When you can actually reconstruct the costume," says Arnold, "all of a sudden these people are 'there' -- in three dimensions. They have faces. They can almost be said to have personalities at that point."

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, via Newswise.
Back to top
View user's profile 
Psycho Punk
Joined: 19 Aug 2003
Total posts: 21446
Location: Dublin
Gender: Male
PostPosted: 06-01-2014 23:07    Post subject: Reply with quote

A rediscovery.

Priceless Celtic brooch discovered by chance in British Museum storeroom
Experts say “staggering find” was likely looted by Vikings in Irish raid
By PATRICK COUNIHAN, IrishCentral Staff Writer
Published Monday, January 6, 2014, 7:23 AMUpdated Monday, January 6, 2014, 7:59 AM

A Celtic brooch, believed to have been looted by the Vikings over 1,000 years ago, will go on display at the British Museum.
A Celtic brooch, believed to have been looted by the Vikings over 1,000 years ago, will go on display at the British Museum.
Photo by Andy Hall / Observer

submit to reddit
Guinness PubFinder Ad
A priceless Celtic treasure described as a “staggering find” and compared to the legendary Tara brooch has been discovered by accident in the storerooms of Britain’s national museum.

The brooch looted by Viking more than a thousand years ago was embedded in a lump of organic material excavated from a site in Norway.

The Guardian newspaper says the ornate, gilded disc brooch dating from the eighth or ninth century was found by chance.

It has been described as a ‘staggering find,’ which was unknown as it lay in the storeroom.

The report says the brooch was concealed in a lump of organic material excavated from a Viking burial site at Lilleberge in Norway by a British archaeologist in the 1880s. It was acquired by the British Museum in 1891.

The paper reports that Curator Barry Ager, a noted Vikings specialist, was poring over artifacts before a visit from a Norwegian researching the Viking site.

His eye was caught by some metal sticking out of the side of the organic lump and he asked the conservation department to X-ray it.

Ager told the paper: “At that stage, I really didn’t know what was inside. It was a staggering find.

“It turned out, quite remarkably, to be this Celtic disc. It’s extremely exciting. It’s a very rare example of its sort within the collection and shows contact between the British Isles and Norway in the Viking period, objects seized as loot in this country and taken back.”

Ager told the Guardian that he believes the brooch was originally made in Ireland or Scotland and came from a shrine or a reliquary.

He added that the Vikings converted it into a brooch by attaching rivet holes and a pin.

The brooch is almost 2.4 inches in diameter and had been buried in the grave of a high-status Viking woman.

The report says substantial remains of the gilding still survive on the top surface. Its elaborate design includes three dolphin-like creatures and interlaced patterns.

Ager revealed: “The patterns, the quatrefoil of the central roundel and the form of the ‘dolphins’ heads have clear parallels in Celtic metalwork and manuscripts of the 8th to early 9th centuries, such as the Tara Brooch and the Book of Mac Regol.

“The craftsmanship is very fine. The Vikings valued “eye-catching” objects: The Vikings themselves were very skilled metalworkers, so I’m sure that’s something that would appeal to a Viking eye.

“It was the custom to bury the person with their personal possessions. They were pagan at the time, so it was part of the standard Viking burial rite.”

The brooch will go on display at the British Museum in March.

Read more:
Follow us: @IrishCentral on Twitter | IrishCentral on Facebook
Back to top
View user's profile 
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Fortean Times Message Board Forum Index -> Earth Mysteries - historical and classical cases All times are GMT
Page 1 of 1

Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum

Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group