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Mal_ContentOffline
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PostPosted: 15-01-2011 20:20    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Mark Kennedy 'played key role in forming green movement in Iceland'

Undercover police officer made himself indispensable to movement, activist claims

Amelia Hill
guardian.co.uk, Friday 14 January 2011 19.48 GMT

Iceland's environment movement had barely established itself when Mark Kennedy appeared on the scene in 2005.

Campaigners had the determination to fight environmental threats but little experience of effective protest – so Kennedy's help and knowledge was welcome.

But his activities – under the pseudonym Mark Stone – are coming under scrutiny in Iceland after his unmasking as an undercover police officer by the Guardian. Green activists describe him as a key figure in creating the Iceland movement.

On Monday, Ogmundur Jonasson, the interior minister who is also in charge of the police, will begin an investigation into where exactly there was collaboration between the Icelandic government and the British authorities regarding Kennedy's presence.

Birgitta Jónsdóttir, an MP for the Movement party, has called Kennedy's activities "a complete mockery of democracy" and challenged the UK police to hand over details of his operation in Iceland.

Jónsdóttir said: "It is unacceptable to pre-persecute people and try to make them guilty by initiating a course of action that might not have occurred to them without the agent's influence.

"I challenge the British authorities to hand over the information to clarify how they came to send an agent to this country to try to destroy an environmental movement which is trying to raise public awareness in a perfectly democratic manner."

Back in 2005, Olafur Pall Sigurdsson, founding father of Saving Iceland, the country's first direct action network, set out across Europe in search of expertise to build an effective green movement.

His ''international SOS'' tour was a success. Sigurdsson raised international awareness of Iceland's problems, forged links and met Kennedy.

The undercover policeman played his part to perfection. When Sigurdsson introduced him to Iceland in early 2005, members of the embryonic network were delighted: not only did Kennedy have an enviable list of contacts and friends in activist groups across Europe, but he was keen to share everything he knew about campaigning and protesting.

"Mark was instrumental in forming activism in Iceland," said one activist who knew Kennedy for many years. "He made himself indispensable. He was one of the key people in the early years. He helped nurture what was an embryonic movement and helped it evolve. He played a big role in furthering the movement.

"When he went to Iceland, Saving Iceland was very young. Mark was very willing to encourage people to participate, and to share techniques and tactics that had been very effective in the UK."

Saving Iceland sprang into life to protest against the building of the Kárahnjúkar dam in the island's east. Kennedy quickly became a vocal and key decision-maker.

But although the campaign – the first direct action protests the island had experienced — were big news, Kennedy thought the network could go further.

At public meetings Kennedy was often on an "adrenalin rush". The activist said: "He was very keen to play a very decisive and key role in all aspects of organisation and participation. He was always more likely than the average member of the group to suggest radical actions that could be perceived as aggressive by the mainstream media and the police."

It was during this campaign that Kennedy showed the Icelandic activists the techniques of ''lock down'' – when protesters attach themselves to an immobile object – and how to block roads by constructing tripods from scaffolding, placing a protester at the apex.

But the Guardian has seen private emails suggesting Kennedy was at the same time trying to drive a wedge between the group's members. In one email, he suggested a prominent member of Saving Iceland had become a liability.

"[A prominent member of Saving Iceland] was once again annoying," he emailed. "I was left with a feeling that the tour group was fragmenting …[he] seems extremely tired and I think he does not cope well with the way that groups like ours like to do things. Despite our best efforts he will not let go of the reins."

Although Saving Iceland declined to be interviewed it disputes the level of Kennedy's involvement.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/jan/14/mark-kennedy-iceland-green-movement?intcmp=239

no turn unstoned - more here:

Sleeping with the enemy: How undercover cop who went native with eco-warriors used double life to seduce idealistic young women

By Andrew Malone
Last updated at 5:19 PM on 15th January 201

Quote:
As a base for an eco-warrior, Tamarisk, a traditional narrowboat, could hardly have been better. ­Bobbing gently on the water inside Nottingham’s gated ­Castle marina, the craft provided a private sanctuary for plotting operations.

The captain was ‘Mark Stone’, an unkempt, long-haired mountaineer committed to direct action against environmental targets. And it was aboard the pristine green and black Tamarisk, in a haze of cannabis smoke, that he held court with fellow members of the underground network.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1347320/Undercover-PC-Mark-Stone-used-double-life-seduce-idealistic-young-women.html
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Mal_ContentOffline
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PostPosted: 16-01-2011 16:27    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Mark Kennedy: 15 other undercover police infiltrated green movement
An undercover policeman who spent seven years living as an environmental activist has claimed that at least 15 other agents had infiltrated the movement and disclosed that sexual entanglements with them were commonplace.
Mr Kennedy acknowledged for the first time that during his time undercover he had been sexual relationships with two activist women
By John Bingham 3:45PM GMT 16 Jan 2011

Mark Kennedy, 41, a former Metropolitan Police officer who posed as a climate change protester known as "Mark Stone", spoke out about the “grey and murky” world of undercover policing in which he said “really bad stuff” was secretly going on.

Last week the £1 million trial of six environmental activists accused of plotting to break into the Ratcliffe-on-Soar coal-fired power station in Nottinghamshire collapsed amid questions over Mr Kennedy’s involvement.

The Independent Police Complaints Commission is now investigating whether Nottinghamshire Police withheld secret recordings made by Mr Kennedy showing that those accused were innocent of conspiracy from the prosecution.

Lawyers for 20 others who have already been found guilty over the planned sabotage said last night that Mr Kennedy’s disclosures suggested they had been the victims of a miscarriage of justice.

Mr Kennedy, whose estranged wife Edel and two British-born children live in the west of Ireland, fled to the United States after his double life was exposed by green activists.

He is now understood to have private security officers keeping a “discrete” watch on him after he voiced fears for his life and is being represented by Max Clifford, the public relations specialist.

In an interview with the Mail on Sunday the former policeman said he had been “hung out to dry” by his former handlers in the National Public Order Intelligence Unit (NPOIU) which sent him to infiltrate radical environmental groups in 2003.

He insisted that he had been instrumental in preventing “bloodshed” amid clashes between police and protesters and claimed that key intelligence he had gathered had been passed to Tony Blair and other European leaders.

He acknowledged for the first time that during his time undercover he had been sexual relationships with two activist women, admitting that what he had done was "wrong".

Fellow protesters have questioned whether the women truly gave their consent as they did not know his true identity.

But Mr Kennedy said other undercover police had also become sexually entangled with their subjects in a promiscuous environment in which some people had up to six lovers at a time.

“I was offered sex repeatedly,” he told the newspaper.

“And I was not the only undercover operator having a relationship but our handlers never asked.”

He added: “That is the problem about this whole undercover police operation. There seem to be no guidelines, no rules – I was pretty much left to fend for myself.”

Mr Kennedy also disclosed that he knew of at least 15 other undercover police who had infiltrated the movement and said that by the time he left in 2009 there were at least four others.

“The world of undercover policing is grey and murky," he said.

“There is some bad stuff going on, really bad stuff.”

The scale of public money invested in such operations was also laid bare as he disclosed that in addition to his £50,000-a-year salary, his handlers paid up to £200,000 a year into a secret bank account to help him maintain his cover.

Mike Schwarz, the lawyer who represented the Ratcliffe-on-Soar protesters said that the convictions of the 20 people already found guilty of conspiring to take over the plant might now be unsafe.

“Potentially it looks like a miscarriage of justice and a lot depends on the prosecution doing what they should have done at the beginning and establishing what Kennedy’s wider role was and making the information available.”

He is calling for a judicial inquiry into the affair.


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/8262746/Mark-Kennedy-15-other-undercover-police-infiltrated-green-movement.html
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PostPosted: 19-01-2011 14:20    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Clean-up of covert policing ordered after Mark Kennedy revelations

Home Office minister Nick Herbert says Acpo will lose control of three teams involved in tackling 'domestic extremism'

Alan Travis, Paul Lewis and Martin Wainwright
guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 18 January 2011 21.38 GMT

The government said today that a private company run by police chiefs should be stripped of its power to run undercover spies in the wake of a Guardian investigation into the police officer Mark Kennedy, who spent seven years posing as an environmental activist.

The Home Office minister Nick Herbert and senior police officers acknowledged for the first time that "something had gone very wrong" in the Kennedy case, which led to the collapse last week of the trial of six people accused of planning to invade a Nottinghamshire power station.

Herbert said that the Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo), a limited company with responsibility for some sensitive national operations, is to lose control of three teams involved in tackling so-called "domestic extremism". Ministers and senior officers hope the decision may defuse the controversy surrounding revelations of long-term undercover surveillance of peaceful protest groups.

Later in the day the national policing watchdog announced the launch of an official inquiry into undercover police work carried out by Acpo. The review by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) will investigate Acpo's decade-long infiltration of the protest movement, assessing whether operations have been "authorised in accordance with law" and "proportionate".

The review, which will be conducted by Bernard Hogan-Howe, a former chief constable, is now one of three formal inquiries triggered by the Guardian's investigation into Mark Kennedy and up to 15 other police spies. The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) has already announced an investigation into Nottinghamshire police over allegations it suppressed secret surveillance tapes – recorded by Kennedy – that would have exonerated six activists police tried to prosecute. And today it also emerged that the Serious and Organised Crime Agency, which has responsibility for major cover operations, has begun a simultaneous inquiry into "the conduct of Mark Kennedy".

It is the Metropolitan police that is now set to take control of the National Public Order Intelligence Unit (NPOIU), the largest of Acpo's domestic extremism units, and today its acting commissioner, Tim Godwin, said that the force would from now on examine whether operations to infiltrate allegedly dangerous groups are necessary and proportionate, and would ensure that officers like Kennedy were not left undercover too long.

Godwin said that Acpo, which owned the unit, had already identified it as needing better governance, and that negotiations were under way to bring it into the Met "so that it would come within our command and control system, which would ensure a) compliance with law, b) compliance with rules, c) compliance with ethics".

There would "undoubtedly" be a review of the code of conduct and rules for undercover officers in collaboration with bodies like HMIC. "We need to make sure that the controls are in place, that we look after them properly, that we don't over-expose them," he said.

"For that particular unit [the NPOIU] we will be looking at all these issues around necessity, proportionality, about looking after the officers themselves, making sure that we don't leave them too long if that's the case."

Meanwhile Herbert, the minister of state for police and justice, told MPs the Kennedy case demonstrated strongly that Acpo should no longer have the responsibility for national organisations such as the unit that runs covert operations gathering intelligence on protest groups in England and Wales. "The Government is strongly of the view that there needs to be proper accountability for Acpo and its successor body," he said.

"Units like this should not be operated by Acpo and they should be operated either by a lead police force or in future the National Crime Agency where there is proper governance in place."

Acpo president, Sir Hugh Orde, said that chief police officers firmly supported the government's aims. "What is vitally important is that national units have a transparent accountability framework that provides public confidence," he told the Guardian.

"As president, I have publicly committed to that reform and we hope government will provide the support necessary to secure it."

The units to be merged into a new domestic extremism command of the Met are: NPOIU, the national domestic extremism team and the national extremism tactical co-ordination unit.

It will leave Acpo with the police national information and co-ordination centre, national community tension team, and the vehicle crime intelligence service known as Truckpol. The move was first floated last November and is expected to be confirmed by the Acpo council meeting of all chief constables later this month.

The police minister told MPs he had no knowledge of the case until the Guardian disclosed that the prosecution of six activists planning to invade Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station collapsed because of Kennedy's role in it.

He refused to comment on claims by MPs that the names of the business secretary, Vince Cable, and the Green party leader, Caroline Lucas, were listed on the domestic extremism database just because they had been at peaceful protests.

The home affairs committee chairman, Keith Vaz, who said Kennedy was "no James Bond", also pressed the minister to investigate the alleged £200,000 expenses bill run up by Kennedy.

Herbert said: "In this case it is clear that something operationally has gone very wrong and that is now the subject of an IPCC investigation."

"I think everybody is concerned by the Kennedy case and we have an IPCC precisely to investigate this kind of thing. It is right that the IPCC should look into it and then we should take note of that."

Today two protesters involved in the Ratcliffe-on-Soar station case – the last of 20 found guilty of conspiracy to commit aggravated trespasss last month – were given community service orders.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/jan/18/covert-policing-cleanup-acpo
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PostPosted: 20-01-2011 11:05    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Undercover policeman married activist he was sent to spy on

Chief constable says relationships with targets in environmental movement 'grossly unprofessional'

Paul Lewis, Rob Evans and Rowenna Davis
guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 19 January 2011 21.30 GMT

A police spy married an activist he met while undercover in the environmental protest movement and then went on to have children with her, the Guardian can reveal.

He is the fourth spy now to have been identified as an undercover police officer engaged in the covert surveillance of eco-activists. Three of those spies are accused of having had sexual relationships with the people they were targeting.

The details of the activities of the fourth spy, who is still a serving Metropolitan police officer, emerged as the senior police officer managing the crisis in undercover operations insisted that officers were strictly banned from having sexual relationships with their targets.

Jon Murphy, the chief constable of Merseyside, told the Guardian it was "never acceptable" for undercover officers to sleep with people they were targeting.

"Something has gone badly wrong here. We would not be where we are if it had not," he said, referring to three inquiries into undercover policing that have been launched in response to the Guardian's investigation into the first spy, Mark Kennedy, an undercover officer who had several sexual relationships during his seven-year deployment.

Murphy, who is the national lead officer on serious and organised crime for the Association of Chief Police Officers, declined to speak about the Kennedy case directly but said officers who infiltrated the environmental movement were not permitted "under any circumstances" to sleep with activists.

"It is grossly unprofessional. It is a diversion from what they are there to do. It is morally wrong because people have been put there to do a particular task and people have got trust in them," he said.

Meanwhile the ex-wife of the fourth undercover police officer spoke to the Guardian. The woman was married to Jim Boyling, a serving Metropolitan police officer who spent five years living undercover with environmental campaigners between 1995 and 2000.

Using the false identity "Jim Sutton", Boyling infiltrated Reclaim the Streets, an environmental group famed for bringing streets to a standstill in unruly protests against cars.

During his time undercover, when he is said to have become a key organiser, Boyling met a 28-year-old woman and began a relationship with her. He later disappeared from her life.

It was only when he reappeared a year later that he told the woman he was a police officer. They later married and had two children but divorced two years ago.

Speaking for the first time, the woman gave the Guardian a detailed account of their relationship and alleges that Boyling:

• Encouraged her to change her name by deed poll, apparently to conceal their relationship from his seniors at the Met. Her deed poll certificate is signed by Boyling, who lists his occupation as "police officer".

• Told her a ruling from seniors that undercover operatives should not have sex with targets was unrealistic, and developing relationships with activists was "a necessary tool in maintaining cover".

• Only informed a senior officer that he was in a relationship with an activist in 2005, around the time they married using her new identity.

• Named at least two other police officers who served as undercover operatives and indicated other political activists who he believed to be police officers.

Kennedy, who is in hiding in the US, is also believed to have "outed" a fellow spy – an allegation he denies. Police chiefs, who have been unable to establish contact with Kennedy have said any such breach of protocol constitutes "heresy".

Boyling and the Met were given a detailed account of the woman's allegations, but neither provided a response. The woman said tonight she hoped her story would reveal how deep infiltration of the protest movement "wrecks lives". "Everybody knows there are people in the movement who aren't who they say they are," she said. "Being too paranoid would hinder everything. But you don't expect the one person you trust most in the world not to exist." Senior officers say any suggestion they tacitly allowed operatives to have relationships are unjustified, and argue examples of inappropriate behaviour are rare.

Murphy defended the police tactics of infiltrating the environmental movement today. He said the group had a small number in their midst "intent on causing harm, committing crime and on occasions disabling parts of the national critical infrastructure". "That has the potential to deny utilities to hospitals, schools, businesses and your granny," he said.

Senior officers privately admit there was widespread confusion over accountability at the National Public Order Intelligence Unit, which ran both Kennedy and Boyling. "We are left to regulate it ourselves and we think we do a good job of it," said Murphy today. "Sometimes things go wrong, it is a volatile area of police work."

The Guardian also today fully identifies two of the other undercover officers involved in spying on the eco-activists, previously called Officer A and B.

Their names and photographs were not used after representations from senior police, but both have now been extracted from undercover roles in other investigations, and they can be named as Lynn Watson and Mark Jacobs.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/jan/19/undercover-policeman-married-activist-spy
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PostPosted: 26-01-2011 23:31    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Mark Kennedy infiltrated German anti-fascists, Bundestag told

Police chief tells German MPs in secret sitting that undercover police officer broke law while in Germany

Amelia Hill and Luke Harding
guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 26 January 2011 22.51 GMT

Mark Kennedy A German police chief says Mark Kennedy committed at least two crimes while in Germany, but the cases against him were dropped at the behest of authorities

The international row over undercover police officer Mark Kennedy escalated tonight after the full scope of his activities were revealed in a secret sitting at the German parliament.

Germany's federal police chief, Jörg Ziercke, was forced to admit to MPs at the Bundestag that not only had Kennedy had a long-term lover in Berlin – in direct violation of a law forbidding police officers to have sexual relationships while undercover – but that he had been invited to Germany by the authorities to infiltrate the anti-fascist movement.

Ziercke also revealed that Kennedy, the Metropolitan police officer at the centre of a controversy over the infiltration of peaceful environmental groups across Europe, worked for three German states during at least five visits to the country between 2004 and 2009.

He said the agent committed at least two crimes, but the cases against him were dropped at the behest of German authorities who knew Kennedy's true identity.

Kennedy first broke the law during protests at Heiligendamm, the town near Rostock where the G8 meetings took place in 2007. He later committed arson, Der Spiegel said, during a demonstration in Berlin at which he set fire to containers.

The revelations are published today in Der Spiegel, which says Kennedy's involvement in criminal activity during his time in Germany highlights concerns that he was working as an agent provocateur and not just an observer of the activists.

In addition, the newspaper says, the fact that investigations into both crimes were shelved suggests police authorities wielded an unacceptable influence over the country's judicial process.

Kennedy spent long periods in Germany and lived with individuals in the "black block" anarchist movement during his time in the country. At the same time, he entered 22 different countries across Europe using a fake passport, including Spain, Italy and Iceland – where he helped found the activist movement.

The revelations about Kennedy's role in Germany came despite the government maintaining its refusal to answer a series of parliamentary questions from opposition politicians.

The Bundestag said "operational reasons" prevented them answering any questions about the country's co-operation with undercover police officers from other countries, and Kennedy in particular.

But Ziercke admitted Kennedy had been hired by police in three German states: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , where the G8 meeting was taking place, Baden-Württemberg and Berlin.

The agent was working on a contract brokered directly by the German parliament, Der Speigel claims. He was, the newspaper adds, considered to be a "trusted agent" and safe pair of hands by the authorities.

Kennedy, who has already been revealed as having conducted numerous sexual relationships with female activists across Europe, is also revealed to have conducted a long-term, long-distance relationship with a woman living in Berlin.

Such behaviour, said Ziercke, directly contravenes German laws, which forbid undercover agents conducting "tactical love relationships" with those under surveillance. Ziercke went on to acknowledge that Kennedy's behaviour revealed there were obviously "control-deficits" when it comes to foreign undercover officers.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/jan/26/mark-kennedy-german-bundestag
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PostPosted: 01-02-2011 13:37    Post subject: Reply with quote

The debate continues in Ireland. One guy who has a grudge against Indymedia posts outrageous allegations about us. EG:

Quote:

British agent, Mark Kennedy was not the only agent to penetrate the media in Ireland, in fact fresh evidence has come to light that several of his colleagues was involved in threesomes and orgies with male and female members of the Indymedia Ireland collective. According to a leading Irish activist the community has always known there were British undercover agents embedded in all of the Irish media, which has caused a considerable amount of division in Ireland


Not all Indy editors find it funny so his contributions get hidden.
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PostPosted: 01-02-2011 21:41    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Gateway 303: Police Disinformation on UK Indymedia

Sheffield Indymedia | 22.01.2011 22:35 | History | Indymedia | Repression | Sheffield

In the wake of the outing of 4 undercover police infiltrators into the UK activist scene, SchNews, have broken a story about police posts to Indymedia. For over two years suspected police articles and comments have been tracked by filters that are triggered by matching IP addresses, the first comment tracked in this manner dates from August 2008 and the last from January 2011. The full lists of gateway 202 and 303 posts has now been published so activists can do their own analysis on the police posts. A feature article about the abuse has also been published by Birmingham Indymedia, this feature article, first started in in December 2009, has been the subject of a huge amount of internal discussion within UK Indymedia and has been one of the reasons behind the decision to fork the project. Sheffield Indymedia supports the use of anti-abuse features to track and remove disinformation from the site and long argued for the feature article exposing the state abuse to be published.

Articles: Full list of Gateway 303 and 202 posts to IMC UK | Advocating Domestic Extremism - Cops on Indymedia - An Exposé | INTER-NETCU: Government Agency Caught Infiltrating Activist Media Outlet | State infiltration and attempted disruption of activist websites | UK Police Agent Provocateurs Exposed | Nottingham Indymedia statement on recent events | IMC London Statement on the recent Schnews Article | Bristol Indymedia's position on IP logging


http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2011/01/472575.html
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PostPosted: 26-03-2011 11:09    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Sixth police spy in protest movement unmasked

Mark Kennedy, the first infiltrator to be exposed, says he may sue Scotland Yard for causing post-traumatic stress disorder

Simon Hattenstone Rob Evans and Paul Lewis
guardian.co.uk, Saturday 26 March 2011

Mark Kennedy, who spent seven years posing as an environmental activist, says undercover officers have been ostracised. Photograph: Philipp Ebeling for the Guardian

A sixth police officer has been unmasked as an undercover spy in the protest movement as it emerged that Mark Kennedy, who spent seven years posing as an environmental activist, is considering suing Scotland Yard.

In an interview with the Guardian Weekend magazine, Kennedy, who went "rogue" and offered to help environmental campaigners accused of planning to break into a power station, says he has suffered severe post-traumatic stress disorder and has been suicidal. His lawyers have been instructed to consider legal action against the police.

The latest officer was reported to have been embedded in an anti-capitalist group for four years under the fake name of Simon Wellings. Newsnight on BBC2 reported that his true identity was discovered through a police blunder.

Wellings inadvertently phoned a campaigner with the Globalise Resistance anti-capitalist group on his mobile phone while discussing photographs of demonstrators with another officer at a police station.

The call was recorded on the campaigner's answerphone and Wellings is heard being pressed to identify protesters at demonstrations, according to Newsnight. He is recorded saying: "She's Hanna's girlfriend – very overt lesbian – last time I saw her, hair about that long, it was blonde, week before it was black."

The infiltration of police spies became controversial after the identification of Kennedy and four others who had posed as members of a variety of political groups including environmental, anti-racist and anti-globalisation campaigns.

The infiltration is the subject of four official investigations after police chiefs and ministers admitted the undercover operations had gone "badly wrong".

Kennedy believes that other undercover officers have been similarly ostracised. "The way the police handled the whole extraction .. is absolutely thoughtless from a psychological point of view and from a safety point of view."

He argues that the damage caused by such undercover work is too great, and that the police should rely more on electronic rather than human intelligence.

Wellings pretended to be an activist with the group between 2001 and 2005. He always seemed to have enough money to go to many demonstrations in London, New York, Paris, Seville and other cities.

Guy Taylor, a member, told Newsnight: "He didn't have much of a backstory. We never met any of his friends or his family." He volunteered to be the group's photographer and took "plenty of photographs".

Wellings vanished after being rumbled by the other activists.

The accidental phone call also highlights the role of police units which take photographs of protesters to be stored in secret databases such as Scotland Yard's CO11 public order branch.

The other police officer is heard on the tape pressing Wellings to put names to the photographs, according to Newsnight. "Thing is we've got the CO11s. They're like – who are these people ? Do you know who they are ?"

Last night the Metropolitan police said:"The use of undercover officers is a valuable tactic in the fight against crime and disorder to keep people and communities safe.

"Their use is highly regulated and governed in law through the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) and must be necessary, proportionate and lawful.

"The deployment of undercover officers is also overseen by the Surveillance Commissioner who must be satisfied by their use."

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/mar/26/sixth-police-spy-unmasked
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PostPosted: 18-04-2011 15:56    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
DPP asks power station protesters to appeal against trespass convictions

Keir Starmer says Ratcliffe-on-Soar demonstrators must appeal in the light of involvement of undercover officer Mark Kennedy
Sam Jones
guardian.co.uk, Monday 18 April 2011 12.50 BST

The 20 protesters convicted of conspiracy to commit aggravated trespass after a demonstration at the Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station have been invited to appeal against their convictions by the director of public prosecutions.

Keir Starmer QC ordered a review of the convictions three months ago after revelations in the Guardian about the role played by PC Mark Kennedy, who was allegedly at the centre of a £250,000-a-year undercover operation within the climate change movement.

Using the name Mark Stone, the former Metropolitan police officer spent seven years infiltrating environmental groups across Europe.

The 20 protesters were among more than 100 people arrested when police raided the Iona school in Sneinton, Nottingham, on the morning of Easter Monday, 13 April 2009.

Although they were convicted and given a mixture of community orders and conditional discharges, the cases against six of their fellow demonstrators collapsed because Kennedy offered to give evidence on their behalf. The trial led to claims that police had withheld significant, secretly recorded tapes from the defence and the court.

Starmer said inviting the demonstrators' legal representatives to appeal was "the only proper course of action".

In a statement, he said: "I instructed Clare Montgomery QC to review the safety of the convictions of the individuals convicted at Nottingham crown court on 14 December 2010 in light of non-disclosure of material relating to the activities of an undercover police officer.

"Ms Montgomery has now completed her review and, having carefully considered her conclusions, I believe that the safety of the convictions should be considered by the court of appeal as soon as possible."

The DPP said that as the prosecution had been unable to lodge an appeal to the court of appeal, he had invited the defence to lodge one – "and to include the issue of non-disclosure of material relating to the activities of an undercover police officer in any grounds of appeal".

He added: "I have also indicated that the CPS will assist in any steps necessary to expedite the appeal.

"The safety of the convictions is a matter that can only be dealt with by the court of appeal.

"I am satisfied that, despite the ongoing reviews into what happened in this case, this is the only proper course of action. It would be wrong if, having reached this conclusion, I waited until the reviews were completed before contacting the defence about a possible appeal.

"As reviews into the handling of this case have yet to report, it would not be appropriate for me to comment further on any issues involving the undercover officer."

In February this year, the head of the Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) said undercover policing operations should have to be authorised in advance by a judge.

Sir Hugh Orde, the Acpo president, said the change was needed to restore public confidence amid concerns about the role played by Kennedy.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/apr/18/police-protest
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PostPosted: 20-07-2011 16:51    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Undercover police officer unlawfully spied on climate activists, judges rule

Mark Kennedy was arguably an agent provocateur, says appeal verdict quashing Ratcliffe-on-Soar conspiracy convictions

Rob Evans and Paul Lewis
guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 20 July 2011 17.32 BST

Undercover police officer Mark Kennedy was 'involved in activities that went much further than the authorisation he was given', the appeal court judges ruled

Three senior judges have ruled that the undercover police officer Mark Kennedy unlawfully spied on protesters and arguably acted as an "agent provocateur".

In a damning ruling explaining why they quashed the convictions of 20 climate change activists, the court of appeal judges said they shared the "great deal of justifiable public disquiet" about the case.

The judges, who included the lord chief justice, said there had been a "miscarriage" of justice as a result of prosecutors failing to disclose to the defendants vital evidence gathered by the undercover officer.

The activists discovered their convictions for conspiracy to break into Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station had been quashed on Tuesday.

On Wednesday, giving their reasons for overturning the convictions, the judges made stinging criticisms about Kennedy's undercover operation, which they revealed was part of a long-term police infiltration of "extreme leftwing groups in the UK".

The judges said Kennedy "was involved in activities which went much further than the authorisation he was given, and appeared to show him as an enthusiastic supporter of the proposed occupation of the power station and, arguably, an agent provocateur".

The suggestion that an undercover police officer may have incited criminal actions is likely to be damaging to Sir Hugh Orde, who has been tipped as a replacement for the outgoing Met commissioner, Sir Paul Stephenson.

Orde runs the Association of Chief Police Officers, which until recently managed the network of undercover operatives sent to spy on political groups.

Wednesday's ruling heaps further criticism on the police and prosecutors, who have been subjected to seven official inquiries into their conduct of the case.

The campaigners who were charged with plotting to occupy the power station have walked free.

Lord Judge, sitting with Mr Justice Treacy and Mr Justice Calvert-Smith, declared: "Something went seriously wrong with the trial. The prosecution's duties in relation to disclosure were not fulfilled. The result was that the appellants were convicted following a trial in which elementary principles which underpin the fairness of our trial procedures were ignored.

"The jury were ignorant of evidence helpful to the defence, which was in the possession of the prosecution but which was never revealed. As a result justice miscarried."

Turning to Kennedy, they said the undercover officer – who infiltrated the environmental movement for seven years – had "apparently convincingly purported to be a supporter of the beliefs of those who later became involved in the plot" to break into the power station.

Under laws regulating surveillance operations, police officers are only allowed to take part in activities their superiors have approved beforehand.

Kennedy, who operated under the codename UCO 133, was authorised only to drive and drop off "the activists prior to them committing offences. UCO 133 will withdraw from the vicinity of the power station to avoid arrest and avoid becoming a witness to offences." That authorisation was given on April 9 2009, four days before the planned power station break-in.

However, the judges said Kennedy had personally taken part in reconnaissance trips of the power station as far back as January 2009. "When the protesters started to congregate just before the proposed occupation, it appears that Kennedy went much further than his authorisation."

The judges said he was one of two people who checked if there were police guarding the police station, and cited an instance when he agreed to use his expertise as a climber to get into the plant.

Prosecutors, in conceding that the activists were innocent, said it was "at least arguable … that he was regarded as something of an éminence grise by some of the younger activists upon whom they relied for advice and support".

The judges said: "In short, it appears that he played what can fairly be described, in the submission of Matthew Ryder QC on behalf of the appellants, 'a significant role in assisting, advising and supporting … the very activity for which these appellants were prosecuted'."

Kennedy was among 114 activists arrested hours before the proposed break-in was due to begin. In the months after the arrest, according to the judges, he "continued to be part of the group of campaigners and continued to provide information to his police handler about how the suspects who had been bailed were responding to the arrests".

He had covertly recorded a meeting of activists the day before the proposed break-in. The contents of these tapes, said the judges, would have undermined the prosecution's case, but were never disclosed to lawyers working for the campaigners.

The judges also revealed that Kennedy, who had begun to sympathise with the activists, wrote an official statement which provided "a measure of support" for the defendants, but which was also not disclosed.

After he was exposed last year, Kennedy offered to help the campaigners in their trial, but later withdrew his offer.

On Wednesday afternoon, Kennedy through his PR adviser, Max Clifford, said: "I refute the claim that I acted as an agent provocateur. At no time have I, or did I, actively encourage a group or person to engage in an activity that they were not already engaged in."

Vera Baird, a former Labour solicitor-general, criticised police chiefs. "It was an ill-thought-out campaign to undermine people who turned out to be honest campaigners, not criminals, during which they wasted an enormous amount of money on this man who inevitably went native living with decent people for all those years," she said. "They were then left with him having them down and with evidence showing that there was no crime in the first place."


http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/jul/20/police-spy-on-climate-activists-unlawful

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PostPosted: 16-10-2011 22:40    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Progressive academic Bob Lambert is former police spy

Lambert, an expert on Islamophobia, posed as environmental activist then ran police spy unit that infiltrated anti-racist groups

Rob Evans and Paul Lewis
guardian.co.uk, Sunday 16 October 2011 21.30 BST

Bob Lambert, right, posed as an activist with the environmental group Greenpeace London while working undercover as a police officer.

An academic and prominent supporter of progressive causes has been unmasked as a former spy who controlled a network of undercover police officers in political groups.

During his current career as an academic expert on Islamophobia, Bob Lambert has regularly spoken at political rallies to promote campaigns against racism and fascism.

However, in his previous career as a special branch officer, which lasted 26 years, he ran operations at a covert unit that placed police spies into political campaigns, including those run by anti-racism groups. The unit also disrupted the activities of these groups.

Lambert became head of the unit after going undercover himself.

Since becoming an academic three years ago, he has made no secret of the fact he was a special branch detective between 1980 and 2006, working on what he describes as "countering threats of terrorism and political violence in Britain".

However, he has kept quiet about his undercover work.

Lambert, who was involved in the secret unit for around 10 years, becomes the seventh police officer to be exposed as a police spy in the protest movement.

The disclosure comes before a major review of the use of such methods is published on Thursday. The report by Bernard Hogan-Howe, the new commissioner of the Metropolitan police, was commissioned by police chiefs after a series of revelations about Mark Kennedy, the officer who spent seven years embedded in the environmental movement.

Lambert was confronted about his past by a group he once infiltrated, while at a conference on Saturday. In one of many appearances on political platforms, he was a speaker at the conference, organised by Unite Against Fascism to promote anti-racism and multiculturalism. Last week he urged people to attend the conference to "show a united front against hatred and bigotry and celebrate the diversity of our multicultural communities".

Using the alias "Bob Robinson", Lambert posed as an activist in the group London Greenpeace between 1984 and 1988, say other members. The group, which had a libertarian philosophy, campaigned against nuclear power and weapons, as well as on other environmental issues, and says "Robinson" attended protests and meetings. It is understood that he also infiltrated animal rights protests.

On Saturday, members of the group pressed him to apologise for long-standing infiltration of political campaigns. He refused to comment, according to them.

At the time, he was acting as a member of a secretive police unit, the Special Demonstration Squad, which embedded undercover officers into groups it believed posed a threat to public order.

During the late 1990s, Lambert took charge of operations for the SDS, which penetrated both left and rightwing campaigns.

He was responsible for undercover police officers such as Pete Black, who spent four years pretending to be an anti-racism activist, and Jim Boyling, who was embedded in an environmental campaign against cars, Reclaim the Streets.

Between 2002 and 2007, Lambert ran the Muslim Contact Unit, a Scotland Yard department which sought to foster partnerships between police and Muslim community groups to prevent Islamist terrorist attacks.

In recent years Lambert has had a high public profile. A lecturer at Exeter and St Andrews universities, he has produced academic papers and articles for the media, including the Guardian and the New Statesman as he continued to argue that the government and police should work with Muslim groups to prevent terrorism.

However he has attracted virulent criticism from rightwing commentators who argue for a tougher approach. They believe it is counter-productive for the police to work in partnership with Muslim groups they claim are extremists.

London Greenpeace said it confronted Lambert to show "that recent police spies outed (such as Mark Kennedy) were not 'rogue officers' but part of an unacceptable pattern of immoral infiltration of environmental groups, condoned at a high level". Lambert could not be reached for comment yesterday.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/oct/16/academic-bob-lambert-former-police-spy
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PostPosted: 19-10-2011 21:01    Post subject: Reply with quote

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19 October 2011 Last updated at 18:13

Undercover detective accused of 'corrupting' trial
Jim Boyling, aka Jim Sutton "Jim Sutton" was a leading figure in the Reclaim the Streets movement

An undercover police officer has been accused of taking part in a criminal trial under an alias, calling into question the safety of a conviction.

A defence solicitor has told the BBC's Newsnight his firm unwittingly acted for Det Con Jim Boyling alongside other activists in legal proceedings.

The officer, who was engaged in covert surveillance of an environmental group, was arrested and charged in 1996.

The Metropolitan Police has so far declined to comment.

Det Con Boyling is said to have attended sensitive legal meetings and the final trial under his alias.

One of the other activists was convicted of public order offences at the 1997 trial, but the undercover officer was found not guilty.

Det Con Boyling worked in specialist operations at the Metropolitan Police, and was engaged in covert surveillance of the Reclaim The Streets environmental group using the alias Jim Sutton, when he was arrested and charged with other activists at a demonstration in London in August 1996.

Mike Schwarz of law firm Bindmans told Newsnight: "It's institutionalised police corruption of the legal process for this to happen."

He said the case "raises the most fundamental constitutional issues about the limits of acceptable policing, the sanctity of lawyer-client confidentiality and the integrity of the criminal justice system."
Continue reading the main story
Find out more

Watch Richard Watson's report on Newsnight on Wednesday 19 October 2011 at 22:30 on BBC Two

Catch up via iPlayer

The case came to light following a review of records at Bindmans legal firm prompted by the case of another undercover officer, Mark Kennedy, who spent seven years infiltrating a group of climate activists.

Mr Schwarz, who acted in cases linked to Mark Kennedy, found references to a 'Jim Sutton' in his files, indicating that he had acted for him as a defence lawyer.

Mr Schwarz said that the Metropolitan Police, who were employing the undercover officer, had "wildly overstepped all recognised boundaries" in the use of undercover police officers to penetrate environmental protest groups.

John Jordan, an activist arrested alongside Jim Sutton in 1996 who was subsequently convicted of assaulting a police officer told Newsnight:
Jim Sutton aka Jim Boyling While working undercover Jim Sutton married an activist with whom he had two children

"You go and meet your solicitor and... you think it's you and your solicitor. You don't think it could be you, your solicitor and a police officer under cover. Jim would have been privy to all the communications we had."

"It was totally outrageous... Someone was giving all the information you were saying privately to your lawyer to the prosecution," Mr Jordan said.

Det Con Jim Boyling was placed on restricted duties in January and investigated by the Met's Directorate of Professional Standards following allegations that he married an activist whom he was supposed to be spying on.

Richard Watson's report will be broadcast on Newsnight on Wednesday 19 October 2011 at 2230 on BBC Two, and then afterwards on the BBC iPlayer and Newsnight website.


http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15372037
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PostPosted: 19-10-2011 21:54    Post subject: Reply with quote

Longer article on this in the Guardian:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/oct/19/police-undercover-officers-court-perjury-claim

It's an interesting one. I can see circumstances where it might be justified - undercover work investigating terrorists or organised crime - hard to see the use in these circumstances as even remotely proportionate though.
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PostPosted: 21-10-2011 21:56    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Second undercover officer accused of misleading court

Bob Lambert, who ran a network of police spies in the protest movement, suspected of having been prosecuted under his alias

Rob Evans and Paul Lewis
guardian.co.uk, Friday 21 October 2011 21.02 BST

Second undercover officer accused of misleading court
In the 1980s Bob Lambert spent years living under a false identity as he investigated green and animal rights activists. Photograph: guardian.co.uk

Scotland Yard says it is reviewing the case of a second undercover police officer who stands accused of using a false identity in a criminal trial after being sent to infiltrate protest groups.

Bob Lambert, who ran a network of police spies in the protest movement after living deep undercover himself, is suspected of having been prosecuted for distributing animal rights leaflets under his alias.

The Metropolitan police have referred the case of the first officer, Jim Boyling, to the Independent Police Complaints Commission, three days after the Guardian and BBC Newsnight revealed evidence he lied under oath about his real identity. In a statement on Friday night, the Met said: "The referral relates to allegations that he gave evidence using a pseudonym and attended meetings with defence lawyers."

But the Met has also said it is "reviewing similar allegations about a retired officer, with a view to referring it to the IPCC".

The Guardian told the Met on Thursday it had obtained a letter, written by Lambert, in which he tells another activist he has been "backwards and forwards to Camberwell Green magistrates court for distributing 'insulting leaflets' outside a butchers shop".

Asked if this meant he had been prosecuted under his false identity, and therefore misled the court, Lambert declined to comment.

Lambert spent years living under a false identity with animal rights and environmental activists in the mid-1980s, before being promoted to a position in which he controlled a network of spies.

Among his team was Boyling, who pretended for years to be an environmental activist and was accused this week of giving false evidence under oath and concealing his real identity in court. It is alleged that he had been given permission to deceive the courts by senior officers.

The revelation threw a major inquiry into undercover policing of protest groups into disarray on Wednesday, when the publication of a report on the controversy was hurriedly cancelled.

The review, conducted by Bernard Hogan-Howe in his role at Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) before he became commissioner of the Met, was expected to rule out calls for a more robust system of oversight. It is now being reconsidered.

Police chiefs have been accused of authorising undercover officers to hide their real identities when they were being prosecuted over offences arising out of their undercover roles. It is alleged that being prosecuted was "part of their cover" as it helped to boost their credibility among the campaigners they had infiltrated.

The controversy surrounding undercover policing, which began with revelations about a third officer, Mark Kennedy, who lived for seven years with environmental activists, has resulted in nine separate judicial and disciplinary inquiries.

Hogan-Howe will be asked on Thursday to conduct an audit of all the Met's undercover policing operations to discover whether officers "lied in court". The question, tabled by Jenny Jones, a Green member of the London assembly who sits on the Metropolitan police authority, is one of a number of issues expected to be raised with the commissioner. Keith Vaz, chairman of the Commons home affairs select committee, said he would be calling on the head of HMIC, Sir Denis O'Connor, to give evidence to parliament.

"I am very concerned by allegations that undercover officers have been authorised to give false evidence to courts," Vaz said. "The activities of police officers, whether undercover or on the beat, must be regulated and be held to account."

Lambert assumed the fake persona of "Bob Robinson" to penetrate animal rights and green campaigns for four years in the 1980s. The letter, written by Lambert in January 1986, has come to light since he was unmasked after being confronted last Saturday by one of the groups he had infiltrated. He had sent it to Martyn Lowe, an activist with an environmental group known as London Greenpeace. Lowe said Lambert had been trying to persuade him to get involved in the environmental group again, and was passing on his news.

He said that by telling him about his court appearances, Lambert "must have been hoping to bolster his image as an activist. It was not a surprise".

He added that Lambert cultivated the idea that he was involved in militant, possibly illegal, protests.

"Bob gave off the impression he was doing a lot of direct action but one could never put one's finger on it. He never talked about it directly." At the time, animal rights activists were targeting butchers.

Lambert had gone undercover as part of covert police unit known as the special demonstration squad, which monitored and disrupted political groups that it believed caused public disorder.

Asked if he had authorised Boyling to conceal his real identity from the court, Lambert declined to comment.

In the latter part of his 26 years as a special branch detective, Lambert set up a Scotland Yard unit to improve relations between police and Muslim community groups to stop Islamist terrorist attacks. In recent years, he has become an academic and spoken out against Islamophobia.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/undercover-with-paul-lewis-and-rob-evans/2011/oct/21/second-undercover-officer-accused-misleading-court
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PostPosted: 13-11-2011 21:47    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Undercover policeman admits spying on Danish activists

Mark Kennedy says he infiltrated community centre, obtaining intelligence that helped police storm it and close it down

Rob Evans and Paul Lewis
guardian.co.uk, Sunday 13 November 2011 16.16 GMT

The controversy over the undercover policeman Mark Kennedy has deepened after he admitted spying on and disrupting the work of activists in another European country.

Kennedy has admitted that he infiltrated a Danish community centre that had housed progressive causes for more than a century, obtaining intelligence that helped police to storm it and close it down in violent raids.

He told a Channel Four documentary, to be broadcast on Monday, that he was used by police all over Europe to gather intelligence on activists.

The documentary describes him as the "go-to cop for foreign governments who needed information about their own activists".

Kennedy said he was "under huge pressure to gather all this intelligence and feed it back" after European governments asked for his help.

Details of his deployment in Germany, Iceland, and Ireland have previously been revealed, leading to criticism that British police were interfering in the democratic affairs of other countries.

Kennedy said he went to 22 countries in total during his seven years under cover, pretending to be an environmental activist. The list also includes Spain, Poland, France, and Belgium.

His unmasking has led to the launch of 12 inquiries this year into a network of police spies that has operated in political movements over the past four decades. The inquiries are examining allegations ranging from alleged lying in court to the use of sexual relationships as a way of gathering information about campaigners.

Kennedy transformed himself from an ordinary policeman into a long-haired, tattooed protester who, operating under the fake identity of Mark Stone, spied on environmental, leftwing and anti-fascist groups from 2003.

He become trusted by other campaigners and soon started to become active in European protests. He said he was "getting sent all over the place" after the National Police Order Intelligence Unit, the secretive body he worked for, agreed to loan him out to police forces around Europe.

Police forces have secretive agreements to exchange undercover police officers across their borders.

Kennedy told the documentary-makers that he helped to close down the popular Copenhagen Youth House community centre. Since the late 1890s, the four-storey red brick building had been the base for a variety of trade unions, women's groups, anarchists, anti-capitalist activists and musicians, and was visited by Lenin in 1910.

But it became the focus of huge controversy after the city council sold it to a rightwing Christian group and needed to evict the tenants. More than 650 people were arrested during three nights of clashes in 2007.

Kennedy said: "In Copenhagen, I got into a house full of squatters and gave the intelligence which allowed the police to storm the place."

While undercover, he was hired by German police to infiltrate activists between 2004 and 2009, and reportedly committed two crimes including arson. The cases against him were dropped at the urging of the German authorities, who knew his real identity.

Kennedy – who was paid to tell his story in the Channel 4 documentary – said he had no job after leaving the Metropolitan police, nor the prospect of any work. He said: "How can I expect people ever to trust me again?".

He said his life "is a pretty big negative" as he has left his wife and children and separated from his girlfriend, who was an environmental activist and who helped to unmask him.

Five of the seven undercover police officers in the protest movement who have been exposed so far have admitted having or have been alleged to have had sexual relationships with activists they were keeping under surveillance, despite claims by senior police officers that this was banned.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/nov/13/undercover-policeman-admits-spying-danish-activists
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