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ramonmercadoOffline
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PostPosted: 16-03-2011 18:54    Post subject: Iron Age Discoveries & Heritage. Reply with quote

Quote:
Iron Age road found in Shropshire by archaeologists
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-shropshire-12762426

Bayston Hill quarry Bayston Hill quarry still manufactures stone for roads

Related Stories

* Ancient Britons: Iron Age riches

Archaeologists think they may have found evidence that Iron Age Britons were capable of building roads - before the Romans arrived.

Environmental consultants SLR examined a road, thought to be built in the 1st century BC, at Bayston Hill quarry, Shropshire.

Director Tim Malim said the age of the find suggested its construction was not a result of Roman influence.

However, an academic who has also seen the road said it seemed "doubtful".
River cobbles

The discovery of the metalled and cambered roadway was made at a Tarmac quarry, from where stone is transported to be used in roads and motorways.

Stone from the quarry has also been used in Grand Prix circuits at Bahrain and Abu Dhabi.

"It could well indicate that Iron Age Britons were sophisticated road engineers in their own right and had developed the technological expertise to build sophisticated all-weather roadways for wheeled traffic," Mr Malim said.

The road was more than 1.5m (5ft) high and 6m (19.5ft) wide, and surfaced with imported river cobbles.

Up to 400m (1,312ft) of it has been uncovered.

Mr Malim's team believe it may have connected the Wrekin, the capital of the Cornovian tribe, with a hill fort near Oswestry.

Finds of animal dung and dung beetles indicate that before the road was built, it was used as a livestock droveway, they said.
'Roman instinct'

Dr Roger White, senior lecturer in archaeology and Academic Director of the Ironbridge Institute, said he could go along with the idea that this was an Iron Age route which was then re-used by the Romans.

"But I have to part from the idea that they had these structured roads in the Roman sense," he said.

He accepted that dating results had put the road in the Iron Age period but said he just did not believe structured roads would have happened in that period.

"If it is an Iron Age road, what is it doing? Where would it go to and from? I just can't see where it fits in with everything we know about the Iron Age," he said.

"My instinct is that it is Roman."

Following completion of archaeological studies the road has been covered up.


Last edited by ramonmercado on 18-03-2011 12:53; edited 1 time in total
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PostPosted: 18-03-2011 12:50    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Stanwick Lakes Iron Age roundhouse damaged in fire
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-northamptonshire-12774672

The roundhouse after the fire. The thatched roof was completely destroyed

Related Stories

* Evidence of Iron Age road found

A replica Iron Age roundhouse built as a feature in a community project about heritage in east Northamptonshire has been severely damaged in a fire.

Firefighters were called to Stanwick near Rushden at 2000 GMT on Wednesday.

The fire completely destroyed the thatched roof which took four days to build.

The heritage project attracted more than 500 volunteers, including schools, youth groups and was due to be completed by 26 March.

The Iron Age house was being created as part of the Rose of the Shires project which researches the heritage of local areas.

Organisers are hoping to be able to restore the roundhouse.

Liz Williams, education co-ordinator for the project, said: "We are assessing the damage to the roundhouse but at the moment we are not quite sure what we'll do next."
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PostPosted: 21-03-2011 13:21    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
North Wales hillfort test of Iron Age communication
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-north-east-wales-11832323

Map of 10 Iron Age hillforts Map of 10 Iron Age forts involved in the project to try to communicate

Related Stories

* Iron Age hilltop test's 'success'
* Up and over Moel Famau

An experiment has shed light on how Iron Age people communicated from their hilltop homes 2,500 years ago.

About 200 volunteers stood on the summit of 10 hillforts in north Wales, the Wirral and Cheshire, and signalled to each other with torches.

Their aim was to learn if communities used the summits to warn each other.

"It was a success," said archaeologist Erin Robinson. "It captured the public's imagination and we made extra links we did not think were possible."

Saturday night's Hilltop Glow event was rescheduled after December's severe weather.

The ancient sites used were on the Clwydian Range; Halkyn Mountain, near Holywell, Flintshire; a lowland site at Wirral; and the Sandstone Ridge, Cheshire.
Summit of Penycloddiau The view towards Moel Arthur and Moel Famau from Penycloddiau which is the location of one of the fires

Beacon fires have previously used on hilltops around the UK to mark the Queen's golden and silver jubilees.

"Most of the hill forts across the surrounding landscape can be seen from each other," explained Ms Robinson from Denbighshire's Heather and Hillforts project.

"The experiment was aiming to see if the glowing fires could have been seen across the hills and acted as a communication or warning system."

Ms Robinson, who climbed to the Moel y Gaer hillfort, near Mold, Flintshire, said she was able to see signals from high-powered torches from all but one hill top.

"It was fantastic," she said. "We saw all the way to a hilltop in Cheshire, which we weren't sure we'd be able to do."

Ms Robinson said the furthest link was made between hills at Burton Point on the Wirral and Maiden Castle, at Bickerton Hill in Cheshire, a distance of approximately 25km (15.5 miles).

"It was a hard thing to organise but it seems to have captured the imagination of the communities involved. We brought the hills alive."

Both the Heather and Hillforts and Habitats and Hillforts projects are Landscape Partnership Schemes funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund.
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ramonmercadoOffline
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PostPosted: 21-03-2011 13:56    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Money raised for Iron Age gold treasure find
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-12804543

Iron Age gold The neck ornaments date from between the 1st and 3rd Century BC

Related Stories

* Reward for Iron Age treasure find
* Torc finder detects medieval seal
* Amateur 'stunned' after £1m find

An Iron Age gold hoard found near Stirling by an amateur treasure hunter has been secured for the nation after a fundraising campaign.

The four neck ornaments - or torcs - were unearthed in a field by David Booth in September 2009.

Mr Booth will now receive a payment of £462,000 after National Museums Scotland secured the necessary funds.

The treasure trove, discovered at Blair Drummond, dates from between the 1st and 3rd Century BC.

The National Heritage Memorial Fund, the Art Fund, the Scottish government and National Museums Scotland all contributed to the funds needed to acquire the ornaments.

They will now go on display in the National Collections.

Mr Booth's reward was set by the Queen's and Lord Treasure's Remembrancer after he reported his find to the Treasure Trove Unit.

The chief game warden at Blair Drummond Safari Park, near Stirling, was using his metal detector for the first time when he found the torcs buried just six inches below the surface.
Continue reading the main story
Contributions

* The National Heritage Memorial Fund: £154,000
* The Art Fund: £100,000
* National Museums Scotland: £123,000
* Scottish Government: £85,000

Source: National Museums Scotland

He has since discovered an 800-year-old medieval seal near Stirling.

National Museums Scotland said the neck ornaments were "exquisite examples" of Iron Age craftwork, with a unique braided gold wire torc showing "strong Mediterranean influences".

Museums' director Dr Gordon Rintoul said: "We are delighted to have secured this stunning hoard for display in Scotland's national museum.

"We already attract over 600,000 visitors a year from Scotland and across the world, and expect many more when the fully redeveloped museum opens this summer.

"The hoard is certain to become one of the highlights of a visit to the museum."

Scottish Culture Minister Fiona Hyslop said the torcs were the most important Iron Age gold hoard ever found in Scotland.
No ownership rights

She added: "I congratulate the National Museum of Scotland on its successful fundraising campaign to ensure that it remains here and will be on free display for the general public."

The torcs will go on temporary display in Hawthornden Court, the main courtyard of the National Museum of Scotland.

A permanent display will eventually be created in the Early People gallery.

Under Scots law, the Crown can claim any archaeological objects found in Scotland.

Finders have no ownership rights and must report any objects to the Treasure Trove Unit.
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rynner2Offline
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PostPosted: 21-03-2011 20:36    Post subject: Re: Iron Age Discoveries & Heritage. Reply with quote

ramonmercado wrote:
Quote:
Iron Age road found in Shropshire by archaeologists
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-shropshire-12762426

I found another, less sceptical, version of this story

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/mar/16/roman-road-made-by-britons

(which I posted in History Rewritten)
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PostPosted: 26-03-2011 20:49    Post subject: Reply with quote

But the Iron Age Road netword was wll documented by classical sources

And did they have high powered torches??????
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PostPosted: 18-04-2011 06:10    Post subject: Reply with quote

Mass burial suggests massacre at Iron Age hill fort

Archaeologists have found evidence of a massacre linked to Iron Age warfare at a hill fort in Derbyshire.
A burial site contained only women and children - the first segregated burial of this kind from Iron Age Britain.
Nine skeletons were discovered in a section of ditch around the fort at Fin Cop in the Peak District.
Scientists believe "perhaps hundreds more skeletons" could be buried in the ditch, only a small part of which has been excavated so far.

Construction of the hill fort has been dated to some time between 440BC and 390BC, but it was destroyed before completion.
The fort's stone wall was broken apart and the rubble used to fill the 400m perimeter ditch, where the skeletons were found.
A second, outer wall and ditch had been started but not finished.

The findings provide a rare insight into warfare in pre-Roman Britain, according to Dr Clive Waddington of Archaeological Research Services, who directed the excavations.
"There has been an almost accepted assumption amongst many archaeologists that hill forts functioned as displays of power, prestige and status and that warfare in the British Iron Age is largely invisible," he said.
"For the people buried at Fin Cop, the hurriedly constructed fort was evidently intended as a defensive work in response to a very real threat."

The skeletons are of women, babies, a toddler and a single teenage male. The archaeological team believe they were probably massacred after the fort was attacked and captured.
All were found in a 10m long section of ditch, the only part to be excavated so far. The ditch was 5m wide with 2m deep vertical edges and would have guarded a 4m high perimeter wall.

Animal bones, also found in the ditch, suggest the fort's inhabitants kept cattle, sheep and pigs. There were also remains from horses which indicate some of the fort's inhabitants were of high status.

The human and animal remains at Fin Cop are relatively well preserved, at least partly due to the limestone geology - the alkaline chemistry slows down decay of organic material including bone.
This may also help explain why similar evidence of Iron Age warfare has not been found at other sites; many hill forts are built on gritstone or sandstone whose acidic soil accelerate the decay of organic matter.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-13082240
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PostPosted: 17-06-2011 13:03    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Archaeologists discover evidence of prehistoric settlement on remote Scottish island
http://news.stv.tv/scotland/highlands-islands/258050-archaeologists-discover-evidence-of-prehistoric-settlement-on-remore-scottish-island/

'Incredibly significant find' on tiny island of Boreray is 'is further evidence of the international importance of the St Kilda archipelago'.

17 June 2011 00:01 GMT
Comment (1)

Isolated: The tiny island of Boreray is remote but beautiful. Pic: © Doc Searls

Evidence of a permanent Iron Age settlement on one of Europe's most inhospitable islands has been uncovered by archaeologists.

It had been thought that the St Kildan island of Boreray, 40 miles west of the Outer Hebrides in the Atlantic Ocean, had never been populated.

Inhabitants of nearby Hirta island only visit Boreray in the summer to hunt birds and gather wool.

But the new discovery suggests that people may have lived on the steep slopes of the island back in prehistoric times.

The last 36 inhabitants of the St Kilda archipelago left the islands in 1930.

Archaeologists from the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and the National Trust for Scotland made the discovery on an eight-day research trip to Boreray.

Surveyor Ian Parker said: "This is an incredibly significant find which could change our understanding of the history of St Kilda.

"Until now we thought Boreray was just visited for seasonal hunting and gathering by the people of Hirta. But this new discovery shows that a farming community actually lived on the island, perhaps as long ago as the prehistoric period.

"These agricultural remains and settlement mounds give us a tantalising glimpse into the lives of those who lived for a time on Boreray.

"Farming what is probably one of the most remote and inhospitable islands in the North Atlantic would have been a hard and gruelling existence. And given the island's unfeasibly steep slopes, it's amazing that they even tried living there in the first place."

The team found remnants of an agricultural field system and crop terraces. Three possible settlement mounds were also uncovered. One of these contained the intact remains of a stone building with a "corbelled" roof, sealed by soil over the centuries.

The archaeologists think some of the remains date to the Iron Age.

St Kilda is one of 27 locations in the world with dual World Heritage Status by Unesco in recognition of both its natural and cultural heritage. Cared for by the National Trust for Scotland, it is home to tens of thousands of seabirds, including 45,000 gannets, and a few hundred wild sheep.

Hirta is the largest island in the archipelago.

Jill Harden, who is under contract with the National Trust for Scotland, said: "New discoveries and interpretations are fundamental to people's understanding of ways of life associated with all the islands and stacs that make up the St Kilda archipelago.

"It is refreshing to know that there is still so much to learn about these islands."

The team were on the island last summer and have spent the past year analysing their findings.

Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop said: "This extraordinary discovery is further evidence of the international importance of the St Kilda archipelago, reinforcing its value as one of Scotland's five World Heritage Sites."
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PostPosted: 17-06-2011 21:57    Post subject: Reply with quote

Isnt this amazing?

People lived on north Rona, but not that far back
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PostPosted: 06-08-2011 20:12    Post subject: Reply with quote

Water pipe evaluation leads to Pinhoe Iron Age remains

An ancient Iron Age settlement has been uncovered by archaeologists working for South West Water in Devon.
It was found during an archaeological evaluation of the route of a new water mains between Beacon Hill reservoir, near Exeter, and the town of Cranbrook.
Archaeologists were investigating a large prehistoric enclosure below the ground which was discovered by carrying out surveys from the air in 1996.
Among the finds were shale bracelets and an iron-working furnace.

Excavations showed the enclosure would originally have had a massive bank inside a ditch.
James Field, South West Water's (SWW) ecologist and environmental planner, said it was an important settlement
"Someone went to a lot of trouble to construct this ditch in the days before JCBs," he said.
"In the lower layers of the ditch we have found a pile of broken bracelets made of shale - an oily, soft rock.
"Within the enclosure was an Iron Age iron-working furnace, which again is rare in the county.
"It is probable that the shale itself comes from as far as Kimmeridge in Dorset, which poses important questions about the significance and nature of this enclosure."

Devon County Council archaeologist Frances Griffith said: "It is of great interest to see this site partially excavated.
"The shale finds are an important discovery, as yet unparalleled in Devon."

The trenches will be refilled when the evaluation is complete and all finds analysed and archived.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-devon-14428164
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PostPosted: 16-08-2011 07:41    Post subject: Reply with quote

Iron Age road link to Iceni tribe
By Louise Ord, Assistant producer, Digging for Britain

A suspected Iron Age road, made of timber and preserved in peat for 2,000 years, has been uncovered by archaeologists in East Anglia.
The site, excavated in June, may have been part of a route across the River Waveney and surrounding wetland at Geldeston in Norfolk, say experts.

Causeways were first found in the area in 2006, during flood defence work at the nearby Suffolk town of Beccles.
It is thought the road is pre-Roman, built by the local Iceni tribe.
Exact dating has yet to be carried out but tree-ring evidence suggests a date of 75BC.
That dates the timber road to more than 100 years before the Roman invasion, which saw the Iceni and their leader Boudicca lead a revolt which threatened to end Roman rule.
In AD60, the Iceni ambushed one Roman legion and sacked Roman settlements at London and Colchester before being defeated.

The timber structures, usually lost on archaeological sites, are marked out by the posts which have been preserved in remarkable detail. As they are dug up, they look almost modern, and it is still possible to clearly see tool marks in the timbers.

University of Birmingham archaeological researcher Kristina Krawiec, from the dig team, said: "Instead of getting post holes, we're getting the posts that would have gone in them. We're understanding more about the technology and skills that went into these sort of things."

John Davies, chief curator at Norwich Castle Museum, added: "This particular track way is very interesting to us because we have tools... which may actually tie in with some of the tool marks and methods of construction we are turning up in the excavation."

Discovered in June last year, the recently excavated timbers form a 4m-wide (13ft) route, running for 500m across wetland right up to the river. There have been two previous linked finds nearby including one on the other side of the river and another running alongside it.
"We perhaps have evidence that these alignments were designed to indicate a crossing or access route to the River Waveney," said University of Birmingham archaeologist Ben Gearey.

As well as providing practical ways of getting across the wet flood plain, the archaeologists believe the roads may have been a way of marking territory to traders and travellers from afar, and spiritual gathering places where the tribe that built them could go to the river to make offerings.
Items such as swords, shields and spearheads are often found in rivers - probably gifts to the gods or to long-dead ancestors.

In a world without roads, rivers were the motorways of the time and it is thought the Waveney formed part of a major metal trading route from Europe.
The timber structures would probably have been an impressive sight to any passing travellers.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14503302
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PostPosted: 18-08-2011 20:22    Post subject: Reply with quote

'Britain's first pre-Roman planned town' found near Reading
By Louise Ord, Assistant Producer, Digging for Britain

Archaeologists believe they have found the first pre-Roman planned town discovered in Britain.
It has been unearthed beneath the Roman town of Silchester or Calleva Atrebatum near modern Reading.

The Romans are often credited with bringing civilisation to Britain - including town planning.
But excavations have shown evidence of an Iron Age town built on a grid and signs inhabitants had access to imported wine and olive oil.

Prof Mike Fulford, an archaeologist at the University of Reading, said the people of Iron Age Silchester appear to have adopted an urbanised 'Roman' way of living, long before the Romans arrived.
"It is very remarkable to find this evidence of a planned Iron Age layout before the arrival of the Romans and the development of a planned, Roman town," he said.
"Indeed, it would be hard to see a significant difference between the lifestyles of the inhabitants of the Iron Age town and of its Roman successor in the 1st Century AD."

He said they seem to have been drinking wine and using olive oil and a fermented fish sauce called garum in their cooking, all imported from abroad.

Silchester is famous for the most complete Roman town walls in Britain.
After the Roman invasion, the town was used by its military, and there is evidence that Roman buildings were very swiftly built on top of Iron Age structures.

Prof Fulford believes that shortly before this, the town may have been taken over by the British Iron Age chieftain Caratacus - a leader of the Catuvellauni tribe - as his stronghold.
The evidence comes from coins minted by Caratacus in the area.
"Both their tight distribution in central southern England and their style point to Calleva as being the source of Caratacus' coins," he said.

Caratacus was a hero of the British resistance to Roman rule. He famously took on the invading Roman army at the Battle of Medway and after his capture was taken to Rome where he appeared so fearless that the Emperor Claudius was moved to spare his life.

As for the fate of the Roman town, a scorched layer within the archaeology suggests that it was actually burnt to the ground, and seems to have been abandoned for about 20 years.
It is possible that this destruction was carried out by the Queen of the Iceni tribe, Boudicca, or at least at the time of her anti-Roman rebellion in 60 - 61 AD.

It is known from the Annals of Tacitus that Boudicca and her army laid waste to the Roman towns of Colchester (Camulodunum), London (Londinium) and St Albans (Verulamium), but could Silchester have been a fourth, previously unknown Roman settlement to fall victim to Boudicca's rebellion?

If these theories are correct, then within a single generation Silchester went through a period of turbulent evolution from a prosperous and sophisticated Iron Age town, to being under direct Roman army control to being burned to the ground and deserted.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14555449
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PostPosted: 01-09-2011 14:04    Post subject: Reply with quote

I know this place well. Luckily for the archaeologists, there's a pub on the hill Very Happy

Somerset's Ham Hill iron age fort excavation under way

A major excavation has begun at Ham Hill, Somerset - Britain's largest Iron Age hill fort.

A major excavation is under way to explore the unclear history of Britain's largest Iron Age hill fort.

The purpose of the Ham Hill site in Somerset is not known but researchers are now hoping to gain a deeper insight into life 2,000 years ago.

A joint team from the universities of Cambridge and Cardiff have begun a dig at the 88-hectare site to learn more.

Work is due to continue until September 2013 by which time the team hope to have a clearer map of its interior.

Niall Sharples, from Cardiff University, said: "It's a bit of an enigma. Ham Hill is so big that no archaeologist has ever really been able to get a handle on it.

"People think of these places as defensive structures, but it is inconceivable that such a place could have been defended.

"Thousands of people would have been required; militarily, it would have been a nightmare.

"Clearly, it was a special place for people in the Iron Age, but when did it become special, why, and how long did it stay that way?"

Researchers believe the site may have been a monument and was somehow meant to create a sense of community, collective identity, or prestige.

'Communal identity'

Christopher Evans, from the Cambridge archaeological unit, said it was a rare opportunity to tackle the site's big issues on the scale they deserve.

"We don't know if the site's development was prompted by trade, defence or communal identity needs," he said.

"Equally, should we be thinking of it as a great, centralised settlement place - almost proto-urban in its layout and community size?"

One of the key aims of the current excavation will be to pin down the rough date of the hill fort's construction.

Smaller scale digs at the site have produced a number of finds, including human remains, the skeleton of a dog, pottery, iron sickles and the remains of a house.

BBC Source
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PostPosted: 04-07-2012 19:06    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Wilberforce College's Iron Age finds halt building work
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-18703752

Circular marks were spotted in the field by a teacher in the 1960s

Builders at a college in East Yorkshire have stopped work after finding objects dating back to the Iron Age.

The workers constructing a sports court at Wilberforce College, Hull, have made way for experts from Humber Field Archaeology to inspect the site.

Digs at the site in the east of the city date back to the 1960s and there was archaeological work there in 2010.

David Cooper, vice-principal at the college, said: "This is a really important site."

It is thought the objects found are shards of Iron Age pottery.

Circular field marks
Mr Cooper, who also teaches archaeology at the college, said: "The last dig significantly advanced our understanding of the Iron Age in Hull and East Yorkshire."

He said it was "very early days" in the current dig.

Mr Cooper also said that the site used to be a school in the 1960s and a teacher had spotted circular marks in the school's field and recognised it as a potential archaeological site.

The field remained unscathed during floods in 2007.

Mr Cooper said: "Iron Age farmers knew exactly where to stick their farm, this is a well drained site.

"We are custodians of a tremendous piece of local heritage."
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PostPosted: 15-07-2012 06:35    Post subject: Reply with quote

New 'Iron Age' discoveries made in Inverness
By Steven McKenzie, BBC Scotland Highlands and Islands reporter

New discoveries made in Inverness have fuelled speculation among experts that north east Scotland was an important area of prehistoric iron production.
Rare finds of well-preserved metalworking hearths, or furnaces, have been uncovered at Beechwood during work by Edinburgh-based AOC Archaeology.
Archaeologists believe the discoveries date to the Iron Age.

Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) is spending £25m on preparing the land for the new Inverness Campus.
The University of the Highlands and Islands and businesses will eventually occupy buildings constructed on the former farmland.
HIE commissioned AOC Archaeology to evaluate and record any buried historical sites and artefacts at Beechwood, before bulldozers moved in earlier this year.

Excavations were done in 2011 and work is now being undertaken to understand what those digs revealed.
Several timber roundhouses of possible Iron Age date - around 700BC to AD400 - as well as evidence of earlier activity in the area stretching back thousands of years into the Neolithic period 3500BC were uncovered.

Examinations of Neolithic and Bronze Age pottery fragments, quern stones for grinding grain and significant quantities of iron slag are still in the early stages.
But AOC Archaeology said the finds provided "tantalising hints" of Beechwood's important past.

A spokesman said: "The metalworking evidence from Beechwood is providing clues that there were two ironworking areas on site.
"One is a possible clay-lined ironworking hearth or furnace and a dump of waste material, and the other, a spread of debris from smelting and blacksmithing which appears to come from an area now lost to modern urban expansion.

"Iron slag, the waste material left behind after smelting and blacksmithing, is not an uncommon find on archaeological sites but the survival of metalworking hearths or furnaces is much rarer.
"Radiocarbon dates from charcoal found in pits and postholes associated with the iron slag suggest that this activity took place between 400 and 100BC, making it Iron Age in date."

He added: "This new discovery is just one of an increasing number of ironworking sites in the area found over the last 15 years which is leading experts to speculate that north east Scotland may have been an important focal area for iron production in later prehistory."

The metalworking at Beechwood may have been taking place at the same time as that at nearby Culduthel, AOC Archaeology said.
Well-preserved Iron Age furnaces and roundhouses were found at Culduthel in 2005.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-18840754
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